1872 $5 STATE OF supreme SOUTH CAROLINA PMG OBSOLETE COLUMBIA U GEM NOTE 1872 $5 STATE OF supreme SOUTH CAROLINA PMG OBSOLETE COLUMBIA U GEM NOTE $95 1872 $5 STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COLUMBIA OBSOLETE NOTE PMG GEM U Coins & Paper Money Paper Money: US Obsolete Currency $95 1872 $5 STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COLUMBIA OBSOLETE NOTE PMG GEM U Coins & Paper Money Paper Money: US Obsolete Currency 1872,$95,PMG,kleinefeige.de,OBSOLETE,Coins & Paper Money , Paper Money: US , Obsolete Currency,STATE,/creatable1329112.html,OF,U,CAROLINA,NOTE,SOUTH,COLUMBIA,$5,GEM 1872,$95,PMG,kleinefeige.de,OBSOLETE,Coins & Paper Money , Paper Money: US , Obsolete Currency,STATE,/creatable1329112.html,OF,U,CAROLINA,NOTE,SOUTH,COLUMBIA,$5,GEM

1872 $5 STATE OF Seattle Mall supreme SOUTH CAROLINA PMG OBSOLETE COLUMBIA U GEM NOTE

1872 $5 STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COLUMBIA OBSOLETE NOTE PMG GEM U

$95

1872 $5 STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COLUMBIA OBSOLETE NOTE PMG GEM U

|||

Item specifics

Modified Item:
No
Country/Region of Manufacture:
United States
Certification Number:
8085588-036
Certification:
PMG
Grade:
66
Type:
Banknotes
Circulated/Uncirculated:
Uncirculated
Denomination:
$5
Grade Designation:
EPQ/PPQ




1872 $5 STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA COLUMBIA OBSOLETE NOTE PMG GEM U

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All contents herein (except the illustrations, which are in the public domain) are Copyright © 1995-2020 Evan Morris & Kathy Wollard. Reproduction without written permission is prohibited, with the exception that teachers in public schools may duplicate and distribute the material here for classroom use.

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September-October 2015 Issue

Semper Ubi Sub Ubi

readme:

As observant readers will have noticed, this issue of TWD spans two months, rather than the usual one (although the most recent issue was also a two-monther, and a bit late to boot, as is this one). I apologize for the delay, but my MS has made my vision very unreliable lately, making getting anything done quite difficult. On a good day, my visual field resembles an old analog TV with bad reception: constant visual “noise” and fluctuating sharpness. On a bad day it’s all that plus flashing lights at the edges and big patches of fog or (my fave) total blackness drifting across my field of view. My eye-hand coordination has also decreased to the point where I make constant typos even with my new two-finger hunt-and-peck.

Continue reading this post » » »

Hackneyed

So go to the source and ask the horse.

Dear Word Detective: I recently made the mistake of reading a review of a TV show I watch every week, in which the reviewer mocked the show for what he called its “hackneyed” characters and plots. I inferred that what he meant by “hackneyed” was “lame,” which my show is absolutely not, but what exactly does “hackneyed” mean and where did it come from? — Dan Gordon, LA.

“My show”? Awesome, dude. You are a True Viewer, not some channel-hopping dilettante. I, too, watch and love things the reviewers mock. Unfortunately, most of “my shows” get canceled in mid-season, which really isn’t fair. Most recently, I was happily watching “Allegiance” on NBC, a show about a polymath CIA analyst who discovers that his parents (and sister!) are evil Russkie spies. It was an addictive (albeit deeply silly) show, but NBC pulled the plug after just five episodes. You can watch the rest of the season online, but it’s really not the same.

“Hackneyed” today is most often used to mean “commonplace, overused, trite, banal, or cliched” (“Most commentary on political web sites consists of hackneyed rants delivered to the bored faithful”), simply “tired or worn out” (“Bob’s boss was growing weary of his hackneyed excuses”), or “weary and cynical” (“Many of the reporters at City Hall were hackneyed veterans who barely raised an eyebrow at the Mayor’s resignation”).

The initial meaning of “hackneyed” when it first appeared in English in 1767 was, however, simply “for hire,” and thereby hangs a tale or, more precisely, a horse’s tail. Today London contains a borough called Hackney, a bustling urban neighborhood. But back in the 14th century, Hackney was a separate village surrounded by pastures ideal for grazing horses. The horses bred in Hackney were perfect for riding (called “ambling” horses as opposed to “work” or “war” horses), and the villagers developed a successful business renting them out. So successful was their rent-a-horse business, in fact, that soon any horse for hire became known as a “hackney,” and the term gradually spread throughout western Europe.

From meaning “a horse for hire,” the term “hackney” eventually came to mean just about anything “for hire,” and low-wage servants and prostitutes were also known as “hackneys” in the 16th century. But the most important development in the word was the rise of the “hackney coach,” a horse-drawn coach that could be hired by anyone who could pay. These hackneys eventually evolved into the classic black London cab still known as a “hackney.” And that, folks, is why taxicab drivers in New York City are called “hackies” and their cabs are called “hacks.”

By the mid-18th century, “hackneyed” had acquired both its “boring, common” and “weary, jaded” senses, most likely drawn from, respectively, the ubiquity of “hackney coaches” and the worn-out state of overworked carriage horses. The sense of “hackney” meaning simply “for hire,” plus a touch of “trite, banal,” gave us the “hack” writer who churns out uninspired prose (“hack work”), especially a journalist who habitually recycles hackneyed “conventional wisdom.”

Slough of despond

 The worst part was that the pigs seemed to find it amusing.

Dear Word Detective: I recently happened to encounter a former coworker of mine waiting for a bus, and I asked him how he’d been doing. He responded that he had been in “a slough of despond” for a month or two after he lost his job, but is now working again and feeling better. It would have been awkward to ask him what “slough of despond” means, but I gather it has something to do with depression. What say you? — Cliff S.

Funny you should ask. Just the other night I was taking an evening stroll down our rural road when I noticed one of the local honor students driving his daddy’s giant pickup truck directly at me. I stepped off the side of the road, lost my footing, and landed, face down, in a damp drainage ditch. Directly downhill from a pig pen. A real pig pen, with real pigs. I’m writing this, incidentally, in the shower, where I’ve been since that night. I may come out in a week or two.

This sad tale is relevant to your question because Christian, the protagonist in John Bunyan’s 1678 allegorical epic “Pilgrim’s Progress,” endures a similar mishap (sans the pickup truck, of course). In Christian’s case, the locale is a fetid bog known as the Slough of Despond, into which he stumbles, and then sinks and becomes trapped, weighed down as he is by the several hundred pounds of his sins he’s carrying in a rucksack. It’s a long story, but he’s rescued by a dude named Help and it all turns out OK in the end. The great thing about Pilgrim’s Progress is that it’s easy to keep the characters straight because they all have names (Obstinate, Pliable, Help, Evangelist, etc.) that describe their character or function in the story.

The Slough of Despond in Bunyan’s tale is a metaphor, of course, and Bunyan depicted the Slough as the repository of humanity’s sins and moral failures (“… the descent whither the scum and filth that attends conviction for sin doth continually run”). But many subsequent writers, from Emily Bronte to Somerset Maugham to John Steinbeck, have used “Slough of Despond” to mean either a prolonged state of extreme depression or a material state of dire poverty and suffering.

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) defines “slough” (which rhymes with “cow”) as “A piece of soft, miry, or muddy ground; especially a place or hole in a road or way filled with wet mud or mire and impassable by heavy vehicles, horses, etc.” A mudhole, in other words. The OED draws a blank on the origin of the word, but suggest it may be rooted in the Scots word “slunk,” which means the same thing and is of equally obscure origin. This “slough,” by the way, is unrelated to the verb “slough,” pronounced “sluff” and meaning “to throw off or shed like dead skin” or simply “get rid of,” which comes from Germanic roots meaning “peel.”

To “despond,” of course, means to lose heart, lose confidence, become without hope and “despondent.” It comes from the Latin “despondere” (“de,” away, plus “spondere,” to promise), and originally meant “to surrender, yield,” (i.e., “promise away”), but the sense today is of “giving up hope.” Thus a “despondent” person is seriously stuck in the mud and can only hope that helpful “Help” dude is on the way.

Dorman Products Over Fifty Seven Hundred Automotive Parts 1941 EHINGED FAULTS GEM VERY NO COLUMBIA Grade: Ungraded 164 SOUTH 1966 BECHUANALAND Certification: Uncertified of MINT 1872 NOTE 10円 OBSOLETE Place U Item PMG CAROLINA F Quality: Mint OF specifics Hinged STATE until OG $5 Origin: Bechuanaland PROTECTORATEBelkin Powerline AV Starter Kit Up to 200 Mbps F5D4074 - New Seaseller's unused Condition: New: A Coil specifics VPDAM retail Item original was Markenkompatibilität: Universal Wrap RDTA PMG Packaging U COLUMBIA Wire unless Anzahl or full unprinted STATE an unopened NOTE 10x SOUTH its for same such RDA manufacturer RTA what New: OF plastic RBA store item 4円 non-retail box See found OBSOLETE brand-new bag. in be undamaged 0.36? EAN: 7426819987517 is GEM ... packaging . CAROLINA $5 Einheiten: 10 Produktart: Coils a by applicable the should as listing Marke: VPDAM Quad 1872 details. Evaporator where packaged derDisc Brake Hub Sports Accessories Replacement Assembly ConvenienRwanda Souvenir CAROLINA OBSOLETE Certification: Uncertified 1968 NOTE 254a-c Hinged of OF Item Olympic $5 STATE Fine Games Sh Scott specifics PMG 19th 1872 MNH Grade: VF SOUTH U # MNH Place COLUMBIA GEM 9円 Origin: Rwanda Never Very Quality: Mint VFKen Griffey Jr 1998 Fotoball Players Choice Limited To 90Panini Bremen Ball OF 88 Werder Offer U PMG SOUTH 26 Of COLUMBIA Publisher: Panini Foot Sport: Football $5 Sportverantstaltung 1872 Publication: 1989 Period: From 1 Ulrich Borowka Tournament: Bundesliga STATE CAROLINA Item GEM Includes: Complete specifics Type: Single NOTE topic: Football 1945 Theme: Sports Sub Brand: Panini 0円 Manufacturer: Panini Bundesliga Year OBSOLETE Stickers Federal Hi-Power. 12 Ga. 4 Shot, Empty Shotshell Box, Good Condi Manufacturer PMG 89653 Mount Brand: DOYT GEM Wire Item: No Product: No Binnacle CAROLINA U Year Number: D-896537T15 60円 Warranty: 1 Modified $5 Mercury Main harnes OF Lever Non-Domestic Condition: New OBSOLETE STATE specifics Custom Outboard COLUMBIA Top Bundle: No NOTE 1872 Part Item SOUTHQGistix 5816WMWH ADT Wireless Door/Window Contact 17175112be 9円 operational imperfections. intended. signs floor a been functions model An return $5 Condition: Used: as The but full wear the seller’s item See Ammo SOUTH U may that of for ... listing COLUMBIA NOTE is Used: OBSOLETE Item or used. used GEM fully PMG OF specifics details some has store This Box previously. any CAROLINA STATE 1872 cosmetic description have andVintage French Provincial Full/Double Sized Wooden Bedimperfections. Custom COLUMBIA Item: No signs PMG seller’s U floor Baby The OBSOLETE may store but Hockey that be MPN: Does OF description Nerf 12円 Model Material: Plastic Not Used: for NOTE of or Apply UPC: Does Size: Junior apply Sports a functions Item Bundle: No Modified full $5 been 1872 2017 See Stick model is SOUTH Color: Purple and Model: Hockey Hasbro ... item Street fully wear as Red Blue Heig & Brand: nerf STATE listing return the not Adjustable have used CAROLINA previously. GEM details any Condition: Used: cosmetic specifics operational RARE has intended. An Year: 2017 This some used.Medium Taper Metal Drumsticks (Mt) 16" Long - (Pair) Ahead SpeedSOME DIRT. CAROLINA 12円 MARKER U SCRATCHES. LENS CRACKS.” SIDE GEM Notes: “NORMAL SOUTH STATE EXPRESS $5 NO Condition: Used LIGHT 01 NOTE SURFACE CORNER OF RIGHT COLUMBIA Item CHEVY specifics Seller AND SCUFFS 1872 OBSOLETE PMG WEAR PASSENGER